The intestinal microbiota of the French
Lately, research have demonstrated the elemental significance of the intestinal microbiota within the correct functioning of the physique and never solely of the digestive system. Microbiota imbalances are considered concerned within the growth of varied power pathologies. To advance analysis on this area, INRAE is launching a nationwide mission, referred to as french intestineinviting each French individual to take part so as to be taught concerning the microbiota of the French inhabitants.
What’s the intestine microbiota?
The intestinal microbiota, previously referred to as the intestinal flora, corresponds to the trillions of microorganisms that reside within the intestines, in symbiosis with the physique. In observe, the microbiota microorganisms – as a result of it isn’t simply the intestinal microbiota but in addition the oral microbiota or the vaginal microbiota – are extra quite a few than all of the cells that make up the human physique.
Within the intestinal microbiota, there are micro organism, viruses and even yeasts (microscopic fungi). Every human being has his or her personal microbiota, though round a 3rd of the microbiota could be widespread to all human beings. The microbiota and its specificities are shaped from start (particularly on the time of contact with the mom’s vaginal and intestinal microbiota) and till the age of two or 3 years. The microbiota usually evolves little in maturity, however may be unbalanced or disturbed by a number of elements:
- Taking treatment and particularly antibiotic treatment;
- The incidence of sure pathologies.
Intestine microbiota and well being
The intestinal microbiota performs important roles for the right functioning of the physique:
- It participates within the processes of digestion, for instance of the dietary fibers contained in meals;
- It protects the physique from pathogens that enter and colonize the intestines;
- It participates in lots of capabilities, similar to satiety, progress, response to emphasize, ache, and many others.
Conversely, in case of microbiota imbalance, what scientists name dysbiosisthe physique is extra uncovered and extra delicate to sure ailments, similar to power inflammatory bowel illness (IBD) or weight problems. And a few research recommend a hyperlink between dysbiosis and neurodegenerative ailments (Parkinson’s illness) or Alzheimer’s illness or neuropsychiatric ailments similar to schizophrenia, bipolar dysfunction or despair.
The French Intestine mission
Information and preservation of the intestinal microbiota is due to this fact of paramount significance. On this context, INRAE has simply launched the French Intestine missionwhose ambition is to map the intestinal microbiota of 100,000 French folks by 2027. The primary goal is to grasp the affect of sure environmental and way of life elements on this microbiota and to research the impression of sure ailments on the microbiota.
In the end, the outcomes of the French Intestine mission will make it attainable to extend information of the intestinal microbiota and thus to suggest preventive diet personalised for every French individualso as to protect its microbiota and due to this fact its well being. This mission is a part of an enormous worldwide analysis program on the microbiota. To take part, each French individual can go to the location. As soon as included within the examine, he might be requested to offer his stool for evaluation of his microbiota!
Estelle B., Physician of Pharmacy
– The French microbiota, the French intestine. microbiome-foundation.org. Accessed September 21, 2022.
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