“Switzerland is violating the Dublin agreements by permitting migrants to cross by”

“Switzerland is violating the Dublin agreements by permitting migrants to cross by”

Practically 700 individuals per week arrive at Buchs station within the canton of St. Gallen, like this lady and her baby. Keystone / Dominic Steinmann

The variety of migrants arriving in Europe by way of the Balkan route is once more on the rise. Even when Switzerland is above all a rustic of transit, the state of affairs ought to encourage it to arrange a standard migration coverage with its neighbours, believes Etienne Piguet, vice-president of the Federal Migration Fee.

This content material was revealed on October 26, 2022 – 10:00

The European continent should as soon as once more handle a big inflow of migrants. The variety of irregular entries into the European Union has reached the best degree since 2016, the European border guard company Frontex mentioned in mid-October.

Consequence for Switzerland: practically 700 individuals Exterior hyperlinkarrive each week on the jap border of Switzerland. A quantity about 3 times increased than final winter. Whereas asylum purposes have elevated, nearly all of migrants don’t need to keep in Switzerland. They need to be a part of France or the UK. Specialist in borders and migratory flows and vice-president of the Federal Migration Fee, Etienne Piguet analyzes the state of affairs. Ought to Europe and Switzerland count on a brand new migration move much like that of 2015?

Etienne Piguet: We’re witnessing a resumption of great inhabitants displacement, which may nonetheless develop. However, we must always not discover ourselves confronted with the identical state of affairs as in 2015. The state of affairs had then modified brutally and quickly, each within the international locations of origin, with an aggravation of the disaster in Syria, in transit international locations and in Europe, the place Germany and Sweden despatched a gap message. It was these three parameters collectively that had brought about large-scale displacements.

What are the elements that designate the rise within the arrival of the variety of migrants in Europe?

On the one hand, some international locations, particularly Afghanistan, are experiencing power crises, that are persevering with or worsening. On the similar time, there may be the angle of sure transit international locations which play with the opening and shutting of the passage for geopolitical causes. I am considering of Turkey and perhaps Serbia. We additionally had the acute case of Belarus, which transported fleeing individuals to the Polish border in November 2021. After which there’s a post-Covid impact; the lifting of most restrictions is main populations that have been caught for a time to attempt their luck now.

The variety of migrant arrivals at Switzerland’s jap border is on the riseExterior hyperlink. Who’re these individuals?

Amongst them, there are completely different profiles, primarily from Afghanistan, but in addition from Turkey. Arrivals of individuals of Turkish origin have elevated sharply in latest occasions. A few of these individuals truly come to hunt safety from Switzerland, which leads to a rise in asylum purposes. Nevertheless, the rise just isn’t spectacular, as a result of many individuals solely need to transit by Switzerland to go to international locations which are extra enticing to them. The state of affairs is subsequently specific, however not new. In 2015, we have been already confronted with a big move of people that wished to go elsewhere.

A investigation by German-speaking tv SRFExterior hyperlink not too long ago confirmed that Switzerland permits migrants to cross by to neighboring international locations, whereas renouncing sufficient to ship them again below the Dublin regulation. Is that this problematic for you?

It’s certainly problematic, even when one can perceive this angle. These individuals don’t need to keep within the nation, nor do the authorities need them to remain. Furthermore, there’s a sure humanity in letting these individuals transit as they need.

Nonetheless, by merely letting individuals cross by, Switzerland is violating the Dublin agreements. This can be a short-sighted technique, as a result of the state of affairs may change and encourage individuals to need to keep in Switzerland. On this case, the Confederation can be very completely happy to have the ability to rely on European solidarity. Fairly than going it alone, states ought to play the cardboard of European collaboration to collectively handle migration. This should undergo a reform of the Dublin agreements, which aren’t passable. With its humanitarian custom, Switzerland may assist relaunch the case. I dream of a significant convention in Geneva on the difficulty of asylum in Europe.

How ought to this technique be reformed to attain higher collaboration between the international locations of Europe within the administration of migration?

First, there should be solidarity within the processing of purposes for defense. We may ask international locations that obtain few requests to indicate their solidarity in different methods, for instance by monetary contributions, because the European Fee had proposed. States that aren’t enticing shouldn’t be capable of merely let others fend for themselves.

Geography professor on the College of Neuchâtel, Etienne Piguet is vice-president of the Federal Migration Fee. He’s a specialist in Swiss and European asylum insurance policies. ldd

Secondly, reception circumstances in Europe needs to be harmonised. At present, protection charges fluctuate broadly by state, which isn’t acceptable. Folks fleeing Afghanistan, for instance, can not have a greater probability of being protected in a single nation than in one other.

The Confederation has welcomed the Ukrainian refugees with open arms by activating the S standing. Do different inhabitants teams not additionally deserve this particular safety?

It’s certainly essential to have a dialogue on this topic. Neither Switzerland nor Europe have established standards to find out through which state of affairs the activation of non permanent safety was needed. For Ukraine, we did it reactively. The authorities subsequently discover it tough to clarify why individuals of Afghan origin don’t profit from the identical allow. The opinions are reliable.

Nevertheless, it isn’t simply because Ukrainians are white, Christian or European that we’ve welcomed them with open arms, though that has performed a job. The principle criterion is the brutality and suddenness of the Russian invasion. Furthermore, the specificity of the state of affairs of individuals fleeing Ukraine is that they don’t want visas to enter Switzerland or the European Union. So that they have been capable of come anyway.

How do you assume the arrivals of individuals fleeing the struggle in Ukraine will evolve within the coming months?

If the present stalemate persists, there shouldn’t be a big improve within the variety of Ukrainians in Switzerland. Quite the opposite, returns may even compensate for arrivals. That is the more than likely situation. Nevertheless, if the state of affairs have been to deteriorate massively inflicting main harm to very important infrastructure in Ukraine, one may think about a brand new exodus.

>> What’s S standing? Learn our article:

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Extra: SWI licensed by the Journalism Belief Initiative

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