Health

proper now, incubation time, signs

proper now, incubation time, signs

Circumstances of influenza are noticed right now in France. Epidemiologists worry “a severe danger of an epidemic”, particularly since our total immunity in opposition to the flu has in all probability diminished. The vaccination marketing campaign is beginning quickly. Signs, incubation time, remedy…

[Mis à jour le 4 octobre 2022 à 12h28] There are roughly 2 to six million instances of flu every year in France. We’ve not had a serious flu epidemic for 2 years and so our total immunity to the flu has in all probability waned“, signifies Professor Brigitte Autran, president of Covars, on October 4 on RMC, who “enormously” encourages vaccination in opposition to the flu, as a lot as in opposition to Covid. Equally, Alain Fischer, professor of immunology, in a interview given to Le Parisien on September 28 requires flu vaccinationparticularly for the aged, frail, and pregnant ladies, who’re extra susceptible to this acute respiratory an infectionon account of a influenza virus. The vaccination marketing campaign in opposition to seasonal flu begins on October 18 in pharmacies, says a press launch from the Directorate of Authorized and Administrative Info (Prime Minister). Thus, from October 18 to November 15, 2022, vaccination shall be reserved for folks in danger : over 65, carriers of persistent ailments, pregnant ladies, folks affected by weight problems, these round infants below 6 months in danger, well being professionals… Then everybody can get vaccinated. What are the flu signs ? The incubation interval? The illness period ? Is she contagious ? What are the therapies (pure or medicinal) to heal shortly? When to get vaccinated? Our particular file on the flu

Definition: what’s a flu?

The flu is a acute respiratory an infectionon account of a flu virus, whereas an influenza-like sickness could be brought on by many different respiratory viruses like rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and so on. Influenza viruses are primarily divided into two varieties: A and Bdividing themselves into two subtypes (A(H3N2) and A(H1N1) pdm09) or lineages (B/Victoria and B/Yamagata). Kind A influenza viruses flow into in lots of animal species (geese, chickens, pigs, horses, seals, and so on.). Influenza viruses from B-type flow into primarily in people. Viruses A and B trigger seasonal epidemics in people, however solely sort A viruses have been accountable for pandemics up to now, underlines Public Well being France.

Diagram of the flu (influenza) © masia8 – 123RF

What are the signs of the flu?

Every year, flu epidemics can have an effect on all age teams, however probably the most susceptible persons are the kids below two years previous, adults over 65 and folks with sure persistent ailments. Early signs of the flu embody:

  • nice fatigue,
  • chills even when you’re not chilly,
  • a dry, painful cough
  • then comes the fever which might rise to greater than 39°c,
  • aches,
  • complications…

In all instances, in case of sudden aggravation or with out enchancment of the state 72 hours after the primary signsit’s important see a health care provider.

When to get the flu vaccine?

Vaccination is advisable for folks in danger and healthcare professionals, and is one of the simplest ways to guard in opposition to influenza and its issues. It’s a necessity enable roughly 15 days between vaccination and the time when the physique is protected in opposition to the flu. No want to attend for the primary chilly climate or the beginning of the epidemic to get vaccinated. The final vaccination marketing campaign ended on February 28, 2022.

The period of contagion can final 6 days.

How lengthy does a flu final?

A tough flu between 3 and seven days (5 days on common).

What’s the incubation time?

The incubation time (the time between the second of sickness and the looks of signs) usually lasts between 24 and 48 hours, however it may be prolonged to 72 hoursremembers Dr. Parneix. Nevertheless, the affected person is contagious, even earlier than the looks of signs and this, throughout a mean interval of 6 days.

Is the flu contagious?

The flu is a contagious illness. The affected person can transmit it “even earlier than the onset of signs and through a mean interval of 6 days“ remembers our interlocutor.

To be contaminated with the flu virus, you should keep in touch with somebody who already has the flu. Contamination can happen in 3 ways:

  • The primary by airway : a sick particular person initiatives droplets of saliva into the air, when speaking, coughing or sneezing. Tens of millions of viruses are then discovered within the air, able to be inhaled and contaminate you.
  • The second, by shut direct contact : a sick particular person shakes your hand or kisses you.
  • Lastly, contamination can happen by means of the contact with touched objects by a sick particular person, for instance a doorknob or a phone.
  • Cough on the bend of the elbow and canopy the nostril when sneezing,
  • Wash your palms with cleaning soap commonly all through the day, particularly after blowing your nostril, coughing or sneezing.
  • Blow your nostril in a tissue after which throw it within the trash, ideally closed with a lid,
  • Carry a surgical masks if you’re sick and you need to go to a closed and public place, this prevents contaminating others.
  • The hydroalcoholic gel can also be sensible, however in the long run it may well dry out the palms.
  • Lastly, bear in mind to air the rooms commonly, a number of occasions a day: you’ll thus eradicate stagnant viruses within the air, by means of sneezing and respiratory.

What are the therapies for the flu?

In case of flu-like signs:

  • Seek the advice of the physician shortly. She or he will be capable to make the analysis and prescribe probably the most applicable medicines.
  • Take some paracetamol to cut back fever, aches and pains.
  • The vitamin C can also be typically advisable to fight fatigue. Equally, sure meals are significantly advisable to higher fight fatigue.
  • If obligatory, you may full with a nasal decongestant and one antitussive for dry and cussed coughs.
  • Lastly, it’s obligatory drink lots and relaxation.
NO ANTIBIOTICS!

“The flu is brought on by a virus and antibiotics are completely ineffective in treating viral diseases, furthermore they may deteriorate the great micro organism which the physique must defend itself from sickness” remembers Dr. Pierre Parneix.

What are the pure therapies for the flu?

Garlic, lemon, honey, thyme… A number of pure options may help enhance the immune defenses within the prevention or remedy of the flu.

Figures: what evaluation in 2022?

Public Well being France attracts up an preliminary evaluation of the flu epidemic as of June 1, 2022. The flu epidemic lasted 9 weeks. However the period of the epidemic was heterogeneous relying on the area, various from 7 weeks (Grand Est and Hauts-de-France) to twenty weeks in Occitania. The epidemic peak was late, occurring Originally of April. The extent of depth was average in group medication and within the hospital.

  • Co-circulation A(H3N2) and A(H1N1) viruses
  • Greater influence in kids, excessive depth at epidemic peak
  • Immunization protection greater than 2019-20 however decrease than 2020-21
  • Circulation of influenza viruses over an exceptionally lengthy interval (from mid-December to mid-Might), marked by a late epidemic resurgence
  • Throughout the epidemic interval, from early March to early Might (S09 to S17):

Practically one million consultations for flu syndrome (Sentinels community)

− Proportion of flu-like diseases amongst consultations with SOS Médecins de 5.4% to 19.4% at epidemic peak

Practically 57,000 visits to the emergency room for flu or flu-like sickness, of which 61% involved kids below 15

About 7,000 hospitalizations after going to the emergency room, together with 30% for kids below 15

594 (0.4%) deaths: 14 have been below the age of 15, 73 have been between 15 and 64 years previous and 507 have been aged 65 or over.

What ought to I do if my baby catches the flu?

To forestall your baby from contracting the flu virus, it is very important train him find out how to blow his nostril in a single-use tissue, to cowl his nostril to his mouth when sneezing or coughing. In any case, seek the advice of your pediatrician in order that he can study him and administer, relying on the case, probably the most applicable remedy, particularly in opposition to fever.

To restrict the seasonal flu epidemic, it’s important to undertake easy preventive measures every day aimed toward limiting the circulation of the flu virus, significantly in communities and on public transport the place it’s simply transmitted. For these round folks with the flu, it’s endorsed to respect these few hygiene guidelines:

  • Wash your palms commonly and systematically after every outing and every contact with the sick particular person.
  • Keep away from shut contact with the particular person with the flu and specifically should you your self are susceptible or “in danger” (pregnant ladies, seniors, folks affected by a persistent sickness or immunocompromised, younger kids, and so on.)
  • Wash your self commonly palms with cleaning soap and water, or should you can not do in any other case, with a hydro-alcoholic answer, particularly after any contact with the affected person and after every return residence.
  • Don’t share objects resembling glasses, cutlery and naturally toothbrushes.
  • Ventilate its inside day by day between 10 and quarter-hour to resume the air and forestall the proliferation of viruses.
  • Clear germ nests resembling door handles, distant controls, telephone screens…

Thanks to Dr Pierre Parneix, medical officer of well being and hospital practitioner in public well being (Bordeaux College Hospital).

#incubation #time #signs

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