international warming and journey favor the fixed enhance within the variety of dengue fever instances
ARS Occitanie has reported 36 imported instances and 10 indigenous instances of dengue fever within the area since Might 1. A well being protocol and suggestions are in place. Different mosquito-borne viruses are additionally recognized.
Aveyron, Haute-Garonne, Pyrénées-Orientales, Tarn, Tarn-et-Garonne… For the reason that starting of the 12 months, the Occitanie regional well being company has been reporting instances of dengue fever in nearly the entire departments of Occitanie. Within the area, at the very least 45 instances of dengue fever have been confirmed since Might 1, 2022. Amongst them, 15 returned from Cuba.
Most of them are imported instances. However at the very least 10 contaminations are autochthonous. In keeping with the well being authorities, which means the sick individuals had been contaminated on nationwide territory with out having stayed in an space the place the virus is circulating. “A household residence of 4 indigenous instances of dengue fever, with out severity standards” was for instance recognized in Salvetat-Saint-Gilles in Haute-Garonne in August, reviews the ARS in a surveillance bulletin dated September 13.
“Regardless of the restricted variety of imported instances, three chains of indigenous transmission
dengue fever have been documented in Occitania this season”signifies the ARS. In keeping with his info, one case is recorded in Perpignan 4 within the Hautes-Pyrénées, 4 others in Haute-Garonne and 1 in Tarn-et-Garonne.
To battle in opposition to the indigenous unfold of the dengue virus, ARS Occitanie applies a regional well being protocol. “A primary vector management remedy was carried out following the detection of the primary autochthonous case at first of September, then a second, on an prolonged perimeter taking into consideration the place of residence of the imported main case.”. It’s a suburban residential space with gardens.
In whole, “85 entomological surveys and 48 vector management remedies had been carried out within the entourage of the instances”, explains ARS Occitanie once more.
A number of components clarify this regular enhance within the variety of dengue instances, as defined byirologist, lecturer in surveillance and research of rising ailments, College of Montpellier, on this article.
For the reason that “first detection on our territory, in 2004 in Menton, this small black mosquito with a physique and legs striped with white native to Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean has not stopped rising its space. of French distribution. In lower than 20 years, it has invaded 67 out of 96 metropolitan departments (in comparison with solely 58 in 2020!). Its unfold all through the nation is inexorable.”
Local weather change can also be accountable. Lhe temperature, air humidity and precipitation favor a rise within the variety of mosquitoes. Traits encountered throughout the summer time.
Lastly, the “business or vacationer exchanges, which have been rising exponentially for a number of a long time, can facilitate the unfold of viral ailments, and specifically ailments unfold by vectors equivalent to mosquitoes. Proof of the significance of those components, throughout the Covid-19 pandemic, the variety of instances of dengue fever infections from individuals coming back from journey exterior the Antilles decreased significantly, primarily as a result of drastic drop in worldwide air transport. “
To battle in opposition to the proliferation of mosquitoes, whether or not they carry a virus or not, it’s essential to undertake easy actions. As an example, “it is rather essential to take away stagnant water that permits the replica of the mosquito, round its residence”, explains the ARS.
Thus, it is suggested to take away the saucers from the flowerpots or fill them with sand. To keep away from stagnation, we should “change the water within the vases a number of occasions every week, examine that the gutters run easily, shelter from the rain or take away used tires and some other object that may fill with water”, specifies the ARS. In keeping with the regional physique, “these actions are important to restrict the proliferation of mosquitoes, sources of nuisance and illness”.
It is extremely essential to take away stagnant water that permits the replica of the mosquito, round its residence
“Individuals going to areas the place the virus circulates should defend themselves from mosquito bites on the spot, but in addition on their return in the event that they reside within the departments the place the mosquito is implanted.”, nonetheless signifies the ARS. Mosquito management operations are additionally carried out within the territories affected by contamination.
Generally generally known as the “tiger mosquito”, theAedes albopictus originates from Asia. When he’s a provider of the dengue virus, he can transmit it to people by easy chew. For a number of years, the insect has been current in France and broadly established in a number of abroad territories, specifically in The assemblyat Mayotte and even in Guyana.
Along with the dengue virus, these of Zika and chikungunya have been reported in Occitania. In keeping with info from the ARS, two individuals had been contaminated by the primary in Haute-Garonne and in Hérault. One other affected person contracted chikungunya within the Hérault division.
The presence of mosquitoes within the area is defined by the climatic and meteorological situations of Occitania. Humid air, ideally suited temperatures and a few rainfall favor the replica of those bugs. Because of the elevated presence of the tiger mosquito, the 13 departments of Occitanie have been positioned beneath enhanced surveillance.
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