A brand new mannequin to raised perceive the “consciousness” of the mind

A brand new mannequin to raised perceive the “consciousness” of the mind

Jean-Benoit Legault, The Canadian Press

MONTREAL — A brand new mannequin being developed by Montreal and French researchers may result in a greater understanding of how the mind acquires its “consciousness,” which may then result in higher therapy of neurodevelopmental issues and advances within the subject of synthetic intelligence. .

This neurocomputational mannequin was developed by a world group of researchers from the Institut Pasteur and the Sorbonne College in Paris, the CHU Sainte-Justine, Mila – the Quebec Institute of Synthetic Intelligence, and the College of Montreal. .

“Till now, this mannequin has all the time been made for an already fashioned mind, an grownup mind,” stated one of many authors of this work, Professor Guillaume Dumas from the Division of Psychiatry and Dependancy of the School of Medication of Paris. ‘Montreal college.

“Nevertheless, in our mannequin, what we did was to start out a bit like a baby’s mind and to develop this mannequin, that’s to say (what are) the mechanisms that are obligatory in order that, by growth and expertise of the world, a mind can purchase this college of consciousness.

The phrase “consciousness”, factors out Professor Dumas, is likely one of the most debated phrases and presumably one of many least nicely outlined within the subject of cognitive science. Within the context of this work, it refers back to the mind’s potential to explain a sensory expertise (eg, “I see a pink flower” or “I hear music”).

At delivery, he continues, the kid doesn’t have this “consciousness”, there may be mainly no separation between him and the others, and it’s over time, by his interactions with others, that this separation develops.

“The mannequin we’re proposing is the steps essential to (get to) this self-awareness,” defined Mr. Dumas. What are essentially the most basic and important mechanisms for consciousness to emerge?

The mannequin is computational, within the sense that it’s on a pc, however it’s a “biophysical” mannequin which, in contrast to algorithms that are programmed to reach at a selected aim, is fairly “impressed by biology”

“We simulated neurons, like these in our mind, (and so they) reproduce {the electrical} exchanges that happen within the mind, defined Mr. Dumas. We additionally built-in into our mannequin organic phenomena similar to dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter related to reward, in order that the mannequin can be taught through rewards throughout its studying.

Understanding the emergence of consciousness may have scientific implications within the therapy of neurodevelopmental issues, but additionally within the growth of synthetic intelligence, he concludes.

The outcomes of this work have been revealed within the scientific journal Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences of the US of America.

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