A brand new mannequin to higher perceive the “consciousness” of the mind

A brand new mannequin to higher perceive the “consciousness” of the mind

Jean-Benoit Legault, The Canadian Press

MONTREAL — A brand new mannequin being developed by Montreal and French researchers might result in a greater understanding of how the mind acquires its “consciousness,” which might then result in higher therapy of neurodevelopmental problems and advances within the discipline of synthetic intelligence. .

This neurocomputational mannequin was developed by a global group of researchers from the Institut Pasteur and the Sorbonne College in Paris, the CHU Sainte-Justine, Mila – the Quebec Institute of Synthetic Intelligence, and the College of Montreal. .

“Till now, this mannequin has all the time been made for an already shaped mind, an grownup mind,” mentioned one of many authors of this work, Professor Guillaume Dumas from the Division of Psychiatry and Habit of the School of Drugs of Paris. ‘Montreal college.

“Nevertheless, in our mannequin, what we did was to start out a bit like a toddler’s mind and to develop this mannequin, that’s to say (what are) the mechanisms that are vital in order that, by improvement and expertise of the world, a mind can purchase this school of consciousness.

The phrase “consciousness”, factors out Professor Dumas, is among the most debated phrases and presumably one of many least nicely outlined within the discipline of cognitive science. Within the context of this work, it refers back to the mind’s skill to explain a sensory expertise (eg, “I see a crimson flower” or “I hear music”).

At start, he continues, the kid doesn’t have this “consciousness”, there may be principally no separation between him and the others, and it’s over time, by his interactions with others, that this separation develops.

“The mannequin we’re proposing is the steps essential to (get to) this self-awareness,” defined Mr. Dumas. What are probably the most elementary and important mechanisms for consciousness to emerge?

The mannequin is computational, within the sense that it’s on a pc, however it’s a “biophysical” mannequin which, in contrast to algorithms that are programmed to reach at a particular aim, is quite “impressed by biology”

“We simulated neurons, like these in our mind, (and so they) reproduce {the electrical} exchanges that happen within the mind, defined Mr. Dumas. We additionally built-in into our mannequin organic phenomena equivalent to dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter related to reward, in order that the mannequin can be taught by way of rewards throughout its studying.

Understanding the emergence of consciousness might have medical implications within the therapy of neurodevelopmental problems, but additionally within the improvement of synthetic intelligence, he concludes.

The outcomes of this work had been revealed within the scientific journal Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences of america of America.

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