Health

What is that this pathology?

What is that this pathology?

THE ESSENTIAL

  • Meningococcus doesn’t survive within the exterior setting.
  • Its transmission is human-to-human and requires shut contact – lower than one meter – and extended.

A affected person with an invasive meningococcal an infection died on Friday September 2 in Ajaccio, in line with the Corsica Regional Well being Company. He suffered from essentially the most extreme type of this illness, referred to as purpura fulminans. “The ars has ensured that each one folks recognized as at-risk contacts have acquired antibiotic therapy to forestall the incidence of latest instances, can we learn within the communicated. Up to now, no different instances of invasive meningococcal illness have been reported”.

What is that this illness?

Meningococci are micro organism usually discovered within the throat and nostril of many individuals. “Most frequently, meningococci don’t trigger any specific sicknesses, however in some instances they will trigger very severe sicknesses similar to meningitis or septicemia”, can we learn on the Ministry of Well being web site. These illnesses may be deadly or depart important sequelae, similar to deafness, neurological injury, amputations and pores and skin scars.

Meningococcal meningitis and sepsis

We converse of meningitis when the meningococcus infects the fluid and membranes that encompass the mind and spinal twine. In distinction, meningococcal septicemia is a generalized an infection: meningococcal causes a generalized an infection of the blood and numerous organs. Probably the most severe type is purpura fulminans and it’s normally a life-threatening emergency.

Signs

The principle signs are a excessive and poorly tolerated fever, the looks of pink or purplish spots and an total poor state of well being.

What therapies?

Normally, an invasive meningococcal an infection is handled with a number of antibiotics. However, to be efficient, it have to be administered shortly.

In prevention, the meningococcal C vaccine is now obligatory for all infants born since January 1, 2018, with an injection on the age of 5 months and a second injection on the age of 12 months. As well as, since April 2022, it’s also really helpful to vaccinate all infants between 2 months and a pair of years in opposition to invasive meningococcal B infections.

Some numbers

In accordance Public Well being Francethere are 500 instances of invasive meningococcal infections per 12 months, together with 50 to 60 deaths. Probably the most affected are infants, younger youngsters and younger adults underneath the age of 24.






















#pathology

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