Rise within the covid-19 contamination fee in Mali: Insights from Pr. Bourema Kouriba
For the previous few days, there was an upsurge within the fee of Covid-19 contamination in our nation. The development is beginning to elevate a variety of questions on this infectious illness. To search out out extra, the staff from the Nationwide Heart for Info, Schooling and Communication for Well being (Cniecs) approached Pr. Bourema Kouriba, Director of the Charles Mérieux Heart for Infectiology, member of the Scientific Committee of Mali.
“There isn’t any spectacular rise however relatively a rise in constructive circumstances which isn’t extraordinary in comparison with the historical past of this illness. There are a number of explanations: environmental change with humidity which promotes respiratory infections; the abandonment of preventive measures corresponding to barrier gestures linked to the drop in constructive circumstances which made individuals consider that the epidemic is over; the tip of college and college holidays in Europe which has comparatively elevated the variety of individuals examined. Including the rise within the variety of exams to the bottom additionally of the rise within the variety of constructive circumstances, ”explains Prof. Bourema Kouriba.
Based on him, there isn’t any have to panic as a result of to date now we have not recorded any circumstances requiring hospitalization.
” We can not predict this however the Ministry of Well being and Social Growth will take the required measures to cut back this phenomenon in order that it isn’t of concern”.
The motion to be taken, within the opinion of the professor, the measures enacted by the Ministry of Well being are: to strengthen preventive measures; preserve epidemiological surveillance; strengthen the vaccination campaigns which have been underway for months; intensify communication and sensitization of the inhabitants on the pandemic which isn’t but over.
In Mali, there are 5 viral vector-based vaccines from the corporations AstraZeneca and Johnson and Johnson/Janssen; inactivated vaccines from the Chinese language corporations Sinopharma and Sinovac; the RNA vaccine from Pfizer/BioNtech.
“Generally, aside from reside attenuated vaccines like yellow fever, most vaccines require two doses to be efficient. A primary dose permits the physique to organize in opposition to the virus and a second dose helps to refine the physique’s response. It is like sharpening the knife to higher face the adversary (right here the adversary is the virus). In some circumstances from the primary dose the physique is nicely geared up to react, so it isn’t essential to make a second dose. Do not forget that vaccines are costly and shouldn’t be wasted. Within the case of vaccines in opposition to Covid-19, vaccines from Pfizer/BioNtech, AstraZeneca, vaccines from Sinovac and Sinopharm require 2 doses. The Johnson and Johnson is completed in a single dose. We should subsequently comply with this vaccination schedule, ”says Prof. Bourema Kouriba.
“I ship them a message of understanding. Vaccination has introduced rather a lot to humanity (smallpox has been eradicated and poliomyelitis quickly). The vaccine is the simplest strategy to forestall an infectious illness like Covid-19. Vaccines in opposition to Covid-19 have been developed quickly because of a worldwide effort but additionally because of new technological platforms put in place by pharmaceutical corporations. At this time, world well being authorities are very strict about vaccine security and don’t tolerate any critical uncomfortable side effects as a consequence of a vaccine. When the utmost variety of individuals can be vaccinated, herd immunity can be reached and it’ll forestall the unfold of the virus within the Malian inhabitants. So, I invite all those that are hesitant to assist us obtain herd immunity which can enable resilience to the pandemic in Mali”.
Cniecs takes inventory
For the previous few weeks, now we have seen a sure improve in circumstances of Covid-19 in our nation. For the day of September 10, 2022, 88 confirmed circumstances had been recorded, the day earlier than, there have been 119 circumstances. This development is beginning to elevate a variety of questions. To cope with the state of affairs, the Ministry of Well being and Social Growth reminds everybody to respect the barrier measures, specifically:
Wash your arms frequently with cleaning soap or use hydro alcoholic gel;
- put on masks,
- Sneeze right into a disposable tissue or into the crease of the elbow,
- Preserve a distance of not less than 1 meter between you.
Vaccination in opposition to Covid-19 should be added to those preventive measures. Vaccination is without doubt one of the most secure and best methods to stop coronavirus illness and helps scale back its unfold. Vaccination has been prolonged to different targets with a view to obtain herd immunity. These are individuals aged 12 and over, together with pregnant and breastfeeding ladies. A 3rd dose is feasible for many who need to enhance their immunity. Additionally, based on well being authorities those that acquired their first dose with AstraZeneca can full their vaccination with the Johnson and Johnson vaccine. Vaccination is completed in referral well being facilities, neighborhood well being facilities, neighborhoods, villages, hamlets and all assembly locations.
The Ministry of Well being and Social Growth recollects that the coronavirus vaccine, like different vaccines and medicines, could cause minor uncomfortable side effects in a small variety of individuals within the inhabitants. These persons are taken care of shortly and freed from cost by the well being buildings.
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