Measles outbreaks in no less than 21 African international locations

Measles outbreaks in no less than 21 African international locations

The Weekly Bulletin on Epidemics and Different Emergencies of September 4, 2022 printed by the Africa Workplace of the World Well being Group reveals widespread transmission of measles in African international locations with 18 international locations reporting circumstances.

The international locations affected are: Cameroon (2,882 circumstances and 51 deaths between January 1 and August 21, 2022), Ethiopia (7,519 circumstances and 52 deaths between January 1 and August 7, 2022), Guinea (21 914 circumstances and 33 deaths between January 1 and Might 27, 2022), Kenya (19 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and July 30, 2022), Liberia (5,923 circumstances and 71 deaths between January 1 and July 20, 2022), Mali (582 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and July 3, 2022), Mozambique (82,632 circumstances and 1,120 deaths between January 1 and April 17, 2022), Namibia (23 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and June 6, 2022), Niger (6,103 circumstances and 6 deaths between January 1 and April 17, 2022), the Central African Republic (1,122 circumstances and 1 loss of life between January 1 and July 24, 2022), the Republic of Congo (6,528 circumstances and 132 deaths between January 1 and June 12, 2022), the Democratic Republic of Congo (82,632 circumstances and 1,120 deaths between January 1 and June 17, 2022) , Senegal (326 ca s and no deaths between January 1 and August 28, 2022), Sierra Leone (407 circumstances and no deaths between January 1 and June 12, 2022), South Sudan (538 circumstances and a couple of deaths between January 1 and June 17, 2022), Tanzania (223 circumstances and no deaths between June 30 and August 23, 2022), Chad (2,640 circumstances and 1 loss of life between January 1 and August 14, 2022) Zambia (438 circumstances and three loss of life between January 1 and June 17, 2022).

UNICEF stories 6,034 circumstances and 685 deaths between April 10 and September 5, 2022 in Zimbabwe.

To this checklist we should add Nigeria with greater than 1000 circumstances of measles recorded within the State of Sokoto at the start of the yr 2022 (see the information 19096) and Sudan (see the information 19095).

Suggestion for the traveler in case of keep in an space the place the transmission of measles is documented:

These vaccination suggestions apply from the age of 6 months:

  • Infants aged 6 to 11 months : One dose of MMR vaccine, then 2 doses of MMR vaccine in response to the suggestions of the vaccination schedule in drive (1 dose on the age of 12 months, then one dose between 16 and 18 months).
  • Youngsters from 12 months : A 1st dose of MMR vaccine on the age of 12 months and a 2nd dose between 16 and 18 months; this 2nd dose could be administered extra rapidly when travelling, respecting a minimal interval of 1 month between the two doses.
  • For the individuals born after 1980 and older than 12 months : Two doses in whole of MMR vaccine no matter immunization historical past for rubella and mumps and no matter historical past for the three ailments [12,17]. Individuals beforehand vaccinated with 2 doses and whose 1st dose was administered earlier than the age of 12 months should obtain a third dose.
  • Individuals born earlier than 1980 : Within the context of journey to endemic international locations, it’s endorsed that folks not protected towards measles (no identified historical past of measles or not beforehand vaccinated) obtain a dose of MMR vaccine earlier than departure.

Vaccination ought to be accomplished no less than 15 days earlier than departure.

Sources: World Well being Group, United Nations Youngsters’s Fund


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