in Germany, a coverage of prevention and repression in opposition to the ultras

in Germany, a coverage of prevention and repression in opposition to the ultras

The police are trying to disperse the German ultras of FC Cologne, during the Europa League Conference match against OGC Nice, Thursday, September 8, at the Allianz Riviera, in Nice.

There have been hundred, 200 at most, hooded and bare-chested for some, among the many roughly 8,000 German supporters current, Thursday, September 8, within the stands of the Allianz Riviera for the Europa League Convention match between OGC Good and FC Cologne. A giant handful of ultras. However an ultra-violent handful, which got here to blows with Good supporters, once more sowing chaos in a soccer stadium. A complete of 32 individuals have been injured, 4 of whom have been hospitalized. An investigation has been opened by the Good prosecutor’s workplace.

If the presence of Parisian ultras – the Supras Auteuil, a gaggle dissolved in 2010 – is attested within the ranks of German supporters, nearly all of FC Cologne ultras current on the Allianz Riviera belong to the Wilde Horde (“wild horde” in French). “There are 700 ultras inserted in seven completely different teams in Colognesays Patrick Guillou. However the Wilde Horde is the largest, with 300 members. » Shocked by the “terrifying footage” of Thursday, the previous skilled footballer attributes the outburst of violence within the Good stadium to the very tense relations between the German Soccer Federation (DFB) and the extremely motion.

“The hooligan tradition stays very rooted in Germany”

Pissed off by the closed doorways attributable to Covid-19, uninterested in the return of stadium bans and laws on smoke bombs particularly, the novel supporters of FC Cologne, additionally at odds with the administration of their membership, would have preferred to do “a present of energy”. “Particularly the youngest, who wish to present that they exist in comparison with the previous guard”provides the one who’s at this time a commentator for the Bundesliga, the German championship, on beIN Sports activities.

Learn additionally: Soccer: investigation opened after the violence in the course of the Good-Cologne match

The Cologne supporters had already distinguished themselves on the European scene. In 2017, the membership celebrated in opposition to Arsenal its return to the European Cup after twenty-five years of absence. A number of thousand Germans had gone to London and not using a ticket, clashes had damaged out in and across the Gunners stadium, the kick-off of the match needed to be delayed there too.

Domestically, FC Cologne’s historic rivalry with Borussia Mönchengladbach has additionally resulted in some explosive matches. Like in 2015 when the membership misplaced to its hated neighbor. The ultimate whistle sounded, round thirty hooligans from FC Cologne burst onto the garden of Borussia-Park with the intention of doing battle with the opposing public. Incidents for which Cologne was sentenced to 3 matches behind closed doorways and a fantastic of 200,000 euros.

Additionally learn the interview: Article reserved for our subscribers Violence within the Good-Cologne match: “This new failure of the French group leaves a bitter style”

FC Cologne will not be an remoted case. Claiming to be progressive and anti-fascist, the extremely motion emerged in Germany within the early Nineties, when it took over hooliganism, near far-right circles and really energetic within the earlier decade. However “hooligan tradition stays deeply rooted in Germany”observes the historian Sébastien Louis, specialist in supporterism.

In line with the latter, if the group of Cologne supporters “is among the many most problematic in western Germany, together with Eintracht Frankfurt”it’s particularly in golf equipment within the East, equivalent to Dynamo Dresden, Rostock, Magdeburg or Dynamo Berlin that hooliganism persists. A lot in order that the German sociologist Gunter A. Pilz speaks of“hootras” to qualify the porosity that exists between the 2 radical actions.


After the demise of a fan throughout a match in Bremen in 1981, the German authorities sought options to police repression. The fan initiatives have been born with the purpose of curbing violence, preventing extremism and selling a constructive tradition of supporterism. Funded equally by the native and federal authorities and by the DFB, these “fan initiatives” are carried out by social employees seconded to the golf equipment, who perform preventive work and play the position of mediator between probably the most radical followers, golf equipment and native and police authorities. Immediately there are greater than sixty fan initiatives Throughout the nation.

“It is without doubt one of the nice successes of German supporterism. There’s a very sturdy preventive part and, on the similar time, a repressive part. Germany’s fan administration is a mannequin to comply with.”argues Sébastien Louis. The police system is tailored to the dangers concerned, even within the minor divisions of the German championship. As in 2011, throughout a match of 4e division between Lokomotive Leipzig and FC Erzgebirge Aue II. Almost 800 hooligans attacked the safety forces deployed in numbers (300) across the stadium. End result: 42 injured, together with 36 among the many police. Within the course of, the DFB had canceled practically 60 conferences presupposed to happen in Saxony the next weekend.

The pragmatic method to supporterism in Germany appears to be bearing fruit. For years, the Bundesliga has been the soccer league with the very best attendances. Ticket costs stay accessible. Not like the English Premier League, which, by rising the worth of entry, chased hooligans and the working lessons from the stadiums.

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