Daytime mosquito bites hamper malaria prevention

Daytime mosquito bites hamper malaria prevention

[DAKAR] A examine carried out by researchers from the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) and the Institut Pasteur in Bangui (Central African Republic) has proven that mosquito bites to vectors of malaria through the day exceed identified estimates thus far. -the.

“In Bangui, round 22% of mosquito bites, of which round 3 to 4% might be infectious, can happen through the day. In different phrases, on common one infectious chunk happens through the day”, testifies Diego Ayala, researcher on the analysis unit on infectious illnesses and their vectors (MIVEGEC[1]) on the College of Montpellier (France) and one of many authors of the mentioned examine.

“This is able to imply that on common an infectious chunk happens through the day each week over the course of a 12 months”, explains the researcher.

“The conclusions of this examine oblige us to readjust our technique and to resort to prevention strategies apart from using impregnated mosquito nets”

Doudou Sène, Nationwide Malaria Management Programme, Senegal

To reach at these conclusions, “the researchers modeled the pitting occasions utilizing round statistics, additionally referred to as directional. This methodology makes it doable to raised perceive the periodicity of bites with a view to consider the whole every day patterns of the rhythm of mosquito bites in an city surroundings”, can we learn in a press launch produced by the IRD on this examine.

Admittedly, the outcomes of this work recommend that almost all of bites happen indoors, between nightfall and daybreak. Nonetheless, their authors discovered that about 20-30% of mosquito bites happen indoors through the day.

“Which suggests {that a} vital proportion of mosquitoes can feed when persons are poorly protected, thus escaping interventions to fight malaria,” notes the establishment in its press launch.

“It’s doable that daytime bites contribute to decreasing the effectiveness of impregnated mosquito nets, however for the second this phenomenon has solely been noticed in Bangui within the absence of getting sought to spotlight it elsewhere. There’s nevertheless some proof that the identical phenomenon may exist elsewhere in Africa, and specifically in Senegal and Benin”, analyzes Diego Ayala in an interview with SciDev.Internet.

For the authors of this examine, different analysis is due to this fact essential to have a extra world imaginative and prescient of the impression of this phenomenon on a continental scale.

An infection price

Within the meantime, it was highlighted within the examine carried out in Bangui that the an infection price of mosquitoes that chunk through the day is similar as that of mosquitoes that chunk at evening.

It’s due to this fact doable {that a} vital a part of the transmission takes place through the day, thus escaping the means carried out to stop it, specifically impregnated mosquito nets.

In keeping with co-author Diego Ayala, “Different behaviors of mosquitoes that permit them to be much less uncovered to insecticide-treated nets, akin to biting exterior homes, also can contribute to inhibiting malaria eradication efforts”.For malaria management applications, the findings of this examine elevate the veil on a brand new actuality that forces them to query themselves.

“The information we had thus far advised us that mosquitoes solely began biting at nightfall. The conclusions of this examine oblige us to readjust our technique and to resort to prevention strategies apart from using impregnated mosquito nets”, estimates Doudou Sène, coordinator of the Nationwide Program towards Malaria in Senegal.

From the latter’s perspective, one of many first steps to be taken can be to redo the advocacy based mostly on this examine with a view to request the strengthening of help from our companions and the State of Senegal, within the implementation of intra-domiciliary sprinkling which requires a considerable price range.

Doudou Sène entrusts to SciDev.Internet that this advocacy would then be added to different illness prevention strategies at present being carried out within the nation.

“We’re at present experimenting with different repellent strategies akin to bollards, bracelets and mosquito repellent ointments. Consideration ought to be given to accelerating the implementation of those strategies in mild of this examine,” he says.


The particular person involved provides that consciousness should even be strengthened to name on populations who’re uncovered to daytime mosquito bites to take precautions to guard themselves.

“This examine forces us to seek out complementary methods to realize our objective of eradicating malaria,” concludes Doudou Sène.However, in the meanwhile, the actors agree that the best important software to battle towards the transmission of malaria stays the mosquito nets impregnated with pesticides.

In the meantime, researchers are exhibiting a want to check publicity to daytime bites in locations the place individuals, particularly kids, spend most of their time through the day, akin to colleges; as a result of there’s a lack of information on this topic.

Such research ought to be used to determine the function that daytime biting might need in sustaining transmission regardless of the large use of insecticide-treated nets, with a view to take applicable motion.

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